Technology has been a major influence on human life. Our daily lives revolve around technology, such as the synthetic materials that make up our mattress, the springs underneath it, and the electrical system that powers it. Some of our most common technological tools include our microwave oven, car radio, TV, and washing machine. Even the water system in our sink and bathroom uses technology. You might turn on the light first in the morning to help you wake up in the dark.
Today, you are likely to use some form of technology every day. Different types of technology serve different purposes and aim to improve a specific process. Understanding technology can help you improve your daily life and explore your potential career interests in related fields. A basic understanding of the different types of technology is important for those who want to make their lives easier. Here are some examples of what you can learn about each type of technology. To start, let’s look at a few types of technology.
Early modern experimental science began to develop in the seventeenth century. The development of nuclear power and weapons was enabled by this. Computers were invented and miniaturized. Information technology helped create the Internet, and the human exploration of space began in the late 1950s. A few decades later, astronauts walked on the moon, and the first crewed missions to the moon followed. Medications and scientific research also helped shape our daily lives. And, of course, technology has contributed to the economic progress that we live in today.
Philosophers of technology have developed a number of definitions and perspectives that reflect the diversity of technology. The current debate on technological history is fueled by two diverging traditions. For example, Schatzberg places commentators in one of two camps: instrumentalists and postmodernists. These two groups tend to view technology as narrow, technical rationality devoid of values. In contrast, “postmodernists” argue that technology is too diverse to be defined.
While the science of crafts and inventions may be very different, the science of technology is essentially the same. Both mundane and sublime technologies are subject to the intervening power of technology. We can see this in everything from changing gear in a car to brushing our teeth. It can open up questions about the meaning of “material” and ‘designed’. The latter is perhaps the most controversial. In any case, it’s important to remember that technology involves a large variety of disciplines.
While there is a large spectrum of definitions, Read Bain’s general definition remains popular among scholars. It encompasses all tools, machines, weapons, instruments, and housing and clothing. Similarly, Jacques Ellul’s concept of appropriate technology is often used to describe technology. As such, he focuses on American concerns, while others may be more universal. The debate over appropriate technology is not necessarily about the development of new technologies, but rather the use of existing ones.